a medieval minute: windmills

windmill

windmill2

Windmills came into use during the 12th century for the milling of grain into flour. Pope Celestine III issued a decree around 1191 mandating windmill owners should pay a tithe to the church because the wind belonged to God. There were other options for grinding grain. In early days, people used a quern-stone to grind grain by hand. Watermills and animal-powered mills were also used in the middle ages.

To learn more about medieval windmills:
http://www.historytoday.com/terence-paul-smith/english-medieval-windmill
http://www.castlesandmanorhouses.com/life_14_mills.htm
http://scholar.chem.nyu.edu/tekpages/windmills.html

My medieval novels are available on Amazon:
https://www.amazon.com/Viscounts-Daughter-Narbonne-Inheritance/dp/1492113301

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About medievalphyllis

I love history and I love writing. I've been working on an historical novel about a medieval viscountess, Ermengarde of Narbonne since 2009. It has been quite a journey and the journey isn't over. Previously I written 6 historical novels for kids, but this is a new challenge.
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